Wetland and River Birds

Purple Swamp Hen
Porphyrio porphyrio melanotus Dusky Moorhen Gallinula tenebrosa
Large waterbird with long toes. Flicks tail as it walks, displaying white feathers. Feeds in reeds and grass close to wetlands.

46 cm

16. Purple Swamphen Smaller and duller than swamphen, has a finer red bill. Swims close to the edge of wetlands,feeding on water plants. Shrieking call.

36 cm

17. Dusky Moorhen
Pacific Black Duck
Anas superciliosa Grey Teal Anas gracilis
Large duck with iridescent feathers in wing. Upends to eat aquatic plants and animals close to the surface. Hybridises with mallards.


18. Pacific Black Duck Small mottled grey-brown duck with a white throat. Male and female are similar. Usually feeds in flocks on freshwater ponds.


19. Grey Teal
Chestnut Teal
Anas castanea Australasian Grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
Male colourful but female dull like Grey Teal but has a`pale brown throat. Usually in pairs. Tolerates salt water. Often feeds in estuaries.

23 Cm

20. Chestnut Teal Duck-like bird with small bill that lives on ponds and lakes. Periodically dives to catch fish and aquatic insects. Builds a floating nest.

26 cm

21. Australasian Grebe
Australian Wood Duck
Chenonetta jubata White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae
Grazes on grass and has a short deep bill like a goose. Female has paler head and white stripes over and under eye. Nests in tree hollows.

47 cm

22. Australian Wood Duck Lon-legged grey bird. Stationary predator that suddenly stabs at prey. Forages on mudflats, mangroves and flooded grassland.

65 cm

23. White-faced Heron
Little Pied Cormorant
Microcarbo melanoleucos Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Small shag with short yellow bill. Sometimes flocks with Little Black Cormorants. Dives for aquatic animals then spreads wings out to dry.

58 cm

24. Little Pied Corrmorant Small, entirely black, glossy shag with a thin hooked bill. Prefers freshwater. Flocks fly in V-formation.

62 cm

25. Little Black Cormorant
Royal Spoonbill
Platalea regia White-eyed Duck Aythya australis
Tall bird with breeding plumes on head and a flattened black bill. Wades through freshwater, sweeping bill from side to side for prey.

78 cm

26. Royal Spoonbill Medium-sized dark brown duck with pale bill tip. Female has a dark eye. Dives deep underwater to eat aquatic plants and animals.

52 cm

27. White-eyed Duck
Australian White Ibis
Threskiornis molucca Silver Gull Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae
An inland bird that has learnt to scavenge in cities. Natural food is invertebrates, for which it probes in soil and mud. Nests in colonies.

72 cm

28. Australian White Ibis Bold seabird that congregates on beaches and around shorelines. Young birds have mottled brown wings and black bill and feet.

42 cm

29. Silver Gull
Australian Pelican
Pelecanus conspicillatus
Very large cousin of cormorants. Scoops up fish in its distensible bill pouch. Hangs around wharves. May perch on bollards or pool posts.

170 cm

30. Australian Pelican

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