This presentation grappled with the complex history of Central Asia, sometimes known as the five Stans (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan).
Culture, mixing history and geography, dealt with the nomadic tribes of the steppe and the limited influence of China. Stories of such exotic peoples and places as the Sogdians, the Parthians, and the Saminids with Samarkand, Bukhara and Ashkhabad were traced along the great artery of central Asia: the Amu Darya (or Oxus River).
The backdrop was the towering mountains of the Pamir and Tienshan and the parchment dry of the Karakum desert.
Alexander the Great made his mark here in 320BC, later came the Islamic invasion of the Arabs, the contest with China and the growth of Persian influence leading to the golden age of the Islamic enlightenment (about 900-1200AD).
Much of this was swept away by the crushing impact of the Mongols in 1220AD followed by the destruction brought about by Tamerlane. Threading though this vivid historical tapestry of beauty, delicate artistry, violence and terror were the Silk Road caravan routes to and from China, India, Persia and Europe.
Finally, in the 19th century when the region was fragmented and in decay, the Imperial Russians moved in to face the British Empire active in India and Afghanistan; contestants in what became known as the Great Game. From Russian rule was spawned the Soviet Union which collapsed in 1991 bringing about the five republics we know today.