> Lime Kiln Bay
> Oatley Park
Birds & animals
> Moore Reserve
PLANTS OF OATLEY PARK
Compiled by Alan Fairley
with additional records by Colin Gibson shown
by (CG) in text
Oatley Park is a tree-covered peninsula almost surrounded by the estuarine
waters of the lower Georges River. Viewed from a distance, it rises from
the water as a steep bushy prominence. Covering an area of 45 hectares,
it is the most significant area of bushland remaining in the St George
district. Its importance as a sanctuary for native flora and fauna is
increased because it is linked by bush corridors around Lime Kiln Bay
to narrow but substantial reserves fringing South Peakhurst and Lugarno.
The park is not completely natural. It has roads, an oval, picnic areas
and historic tidal swimming baths. It is subject to intensive recreational
uses, especially at weekends and in summer holidays when hundreds of visitors
picnic, cycle and walk throughout the park. Nevertheless, there remain
some significant natural areas protecting a wide range of native plants
many of which are locally endangered or are regionally extinct.
The peninsula is predominantly Hawkesbury Sandstone so the soils are
mainly shallow skeletal sands with a mixture of light clay and weathered
shale lenses. Woodland occurs on the plateau dominated by an open low
tree cover and scattered shrubs. Open forest with taller trees occurs
on the slopes. On the more sheltered south and east slopes, especially
beneath the sandstone cliff line, the ground cover is denser and there
are some rainforest elements, such as vines, ferns and broad-leaved trees
and shrubs. Extensive mangrove forests occur along Lime Kiln Bay, with
a narrow band of salt marsh on saline silts and sands. At the upper reaches
of Lime Kiln Bay is a large area of Phragmites australis swamp where the
fresh water runoff from the streets meets the tidal zone. A small area
of sandstone-shale interface exists near the main entrance, but most of
the shrub cover of this unique area was destroyed many years ago by over-zealous
council clearing. A single specimen of Brown Stringybark and a small stand
of Blackbutt still occur in this area.
Oatley Park was dedicated as a public recreation area on 25th March, 1887
and in the following year Hurstville Council was appointed trustee of the
area. Significant alterations to the naturalness of the park were made during
the Great Depression (1929-33) when roads were constructed by the unemployed.
These included the extension of Douglas Haig Street around the foreshores,
past Hills Lookout and down to Lime Kiln Bay. A proposal to extend this
road across a causeway and on to Lugarno fortunately did not come to fruition
because of lack of funds and opposition from environmentalists. At the same
time, a kiosk and castellated lookout were completed and in 1934 -35 the
Oatley Baths were extended. During the Second World War, there was a military
camp in the park. Two units of the Royal Australian Engineers, the 26th
Field Company and an engineering unit from Tasmania were stationed there.
The concrete floor of a mess hut and kitchen and a small cement map of Tasmania
can still be seen.
Oatley Park protects important examples of the natural environment which
occurred throughout the area before the spread of suburbs. Within its
boundaries are numerous micro-habitats giving protection to a variety
of native plants and to animals which rely on those plants for food, shelter
and nesting. The bushland, too, is an essential part of the outdoor recreational
experiences of thousands of visitors each year. Students from schools
and TAFE colleges also find the park a convenient outdoor classroom and
laboratory for pursuing environmental studies.
The park's natural values cannot be taken for granted. The flora is under
threat from excessive hazard-reduction burning (at least two rare species
have disappeared because of fire), from too many recreational visitors
(damage is clearly being done to the plateau vegetation around the picnic
areas) and from park maintenance and track clearing carried out by inexperienced
council workers. The future of the park depends on community concern,
awareness that this is a valuable asset, and management by the Trustees
with expertise and foresight.
Arranged alphabetically in Families and in Species within each Family
under the groups of
1. Ferns and Fern Allies
2. Cycads and Conifers
3. Flowering Plants - Dicotyledons
4. Flowering Plants - Monocotyledons
1. FERNS AND FERN ALLIES
Adiantum aethiopicum Common Maidenhair
Adiantum hispidulum Rough Maidenhair
Asplenium australasicum (CG) Bird's-nest Fern
Asplenium flabellifolium Necklace fern
Blechnum sp. Water Fern
Calochlaena dubia Common Ground Fern
Cyathea australis Rough Treefern
Davallia pyxidata Hares'-foot Fern
Histiopteris incisa Bat's-wing Fern
Pteridium esculentum Bracken
Gleichenia dicarpa Pouched Coral-fern
Lindsaea linearis Screw Fern
Lindsaea microphylla Lacy Wedge Fern
Platycerium bifurcatum Elkhorn
Psilotum nudum Skeleton Fork Fern
Selaginella uliginosa (CG) Swamp Selaginella
Cheilanthes distans (CG) Cloak-fern
Cheilanthes sieberi Poison Rock Fern
2. CYCADS AND CONIFERS
Podocarpus elatus Plum Pine
Podocarpus spinulosus Native Pine
Macrozamia communis Burrawang
3. FLOWERING PLANTS - DICOTYLEDONS
Brunoniella pumilio Dwarf Blue Trumpet
Actinotus helianthi Flannel Flower
Actinotus minor Lesser Flannel Flower
Platysace ericoides Heath Platysace
Platysace lanceolata Lance-leaf Platysace
Platysace linearifolia Narrow-leaf Platysace
Parsonsia straminea Common Silkpod
Polyscias sambucifolia Elderberry Panax
Marsdenia suaveolens Scented Mink Vine
Cassinia aculeata Dolly Bush
Cassinia aureonitens Yellow Cassinia
Epaltes australis (CG) Spreading Nut-heads
Euchiton (Gnaphalium) gymnocephalum (CG) Creeping Cudweed
Euchiton (Gnaphalium) sphaericum (CG) Cudweed
Lagenifera gracilis (CG) Blue Bottle-daisy
Olearia microphylla Small-leaf Daisy Bush
Olearia viscidula Sticky Daisy Bush
Ozothamnus diosmifolius White Dogwood
Senecio quadridentatus (CG) Cotton Fireweed
Avicennia marina var. australasica Grey Mangrove
Pandorea pandorana Wonga Vine
Wahlenbergia communis/littoricola (CG) Tufted Bluebell
Wahlenbergia gracilis Australian Bluebell
Allocasuarina littoralis Black She-oak
Casuarina glauca Swamp Oak
Einadia hastata Saloop
Sarcocornia quinqueflora Samphire
Hypericum gramineum Small St John's Wort
Commelina cyanea (CG) Scurvy Weed
Dichondra repens Kidney Weed
Polymeria calycina Bindweed
Crassula sieberiana Australian Stonecrop
Callicoma serratifolia Black Wattle
Ceratopetalum gummiferum Christmas Bush
Hibbertia fasciculata Bundled Guinea Flower
Hibbertia nitida Shining Guinea Flower
Hibbertia scandens Climbing Guinea Flower
Drosera peltata Pale Sundew
Elaeocarpus reticulatus Blueberry Ash
Astroloma humifusum Native Cranberry
Astroloma pinifolium Pine Heath
Brachyloma daphnoides Daphne Heath
Epacris longiflora Fuchsia Heath
Leucopogon ericoides White Beard
Leucopogon juniperinus Prickly Beard-heath
Lissanthe strigosa Peach Heath
Monotoca elliptica Tree Broom-heath
Monotoca scoparia Prickly Broom-heath
Styphelia laeta ssp. laeta
Styphelia tubiflora Red Five-corners
Woollsia pungens Woollsia
Amperea xiphoclada Broom Spurge
Breynia oblongifolia Breynia
Glochidion ferdinandi var. ferdinandi Cheese Tree
Glochidion ferdinandi var.pubens (CG) Cheese Tree
Omalanthus nutans (populifolius) Bleeding Heart
Phyllanthus hirtellus Thyme Spurge
Poranthera ericifolia Heath-leaved Poranthera
Poranthera microphylla Small Poranthera
Ricinocarpos pinifolius Wedding Bush
FABACEAE - FABOIDEAE
Bossiaea scolopendria Plank Plant
Daviesia corymbosa Bitter Pea
Desmodium gunnii (CG) Tick-trefoil
Dillwynia retorta Eggs and Bacon
Glycine clandestina Love Creeper
Glycine microphylla Love Creeper
Glycine tabacina (CG)
Gompholobium glabratum Glory Pea
Hardenbergia violacea Purple Twining Pea
Kennedia rubicunda Red Bean
Pultenaea daphnoides Large-leaf Bush-pea
Pultenaea stipularis Fine-leaf Bush-pea
Viminaria juncea Native Broom
FABACEAE - MIMOSOIDEAE
Acacia baileyana * Cootamundra Wattle
Acacia brownii Prickly Moses
Acacia linifolia Flax Wattle
Acacia longifolia Sydney Golden Wattle
Acacia myrtifolia Myrtle-leaf Wattle
Acacia parramattensis Sydney Green Wattle
Acacia podalyriifolia * Queensland Silver Wattle
Acacia suaveolens Sweet-scented Wattle
Acacia terminalis Sunshine Wattle
Acacia ulicifolia Prickly Moses
Pelargonium inodorum (CG)
Dampiera stricta Blue Dampiera
Goodenia hederacea Ivy Goodenia
Scaevola ramosissima Fan Flower
Gonocarpus teucrioides Raspwort
Triglochin striata (CG) Streaked Arrowgrass
Cassytha pubescens Devil's Twine
Lobelia alata Angled Lobelia
Pratia purpurascens White Root
Mitrasacme polymorpha Mitre Weed
Amyema congener ssp. congener Mistletoe
Muellerina celastroides Mistletoe
Ficus rubiginosa Port Jackson Fig
Myoporum acuminatum Boobialla
Aegiceras corniculatum River Mangrove
Rapanea howittiana (CG) Brush Muttonwood
Rapanea variablis Muttonwood
Angophora bakeri Narrow-leaved Apple
Angophora costata Smooth-barked Apple
Angophora floribunda Rough-barked Apple
Angophora hispida Dwarf Apple
Angophora X (hybrid of A.hispida and A.bakeri / A.costata ?)
Callistemon linearis (CG) Narrow-leaved Bottlebrush
Callistemon pinifolius (CG) Pine-leaved Bottlebrush
Eucalyptus 'haemarac' Scribbly Gum
Eucalyptus capitellata Brown Stringybark
Eucalyptus gummifera Red Bloodwood
Eucalyptus pilularis Blackbutt
Eucalyptus piperita Sydney Peppermint
Eucalyptus punctata Grey Gum
Kunzea ambigua Tick Bush
Leptospermum polygalifolium Yellow Tea-tree
Leptospermum trinervium Flaky-barked Tea-tree
Melaleuca ericifolia Swamp Paper-bark
Melaleuca thymifolia Honey Myrtle
Notelaea longifolia Mock Olive
Oxalis exilis (CG)
Oxalis perennans (CG)
Oxalis thompsoniae (CG)
Billardiera scandens Dumplings
Bursaria spinosa Blackthorn
Pittosporum undulatum Mock Orange
Comesperma ericinum Match Heads
Comesperma sphaerocarpum Broom Milkwort
Persicaria decipiens Slender Knotweed
Calandrinia sp (pickeringii ?) Purslane
Samolus repens Creeping Brookweed
Banksia ericifolia Heath-leaved Banksia
Banksia integrifolia Coast Banksia
Banksia serrata Old Man Banksia
Banksia spinulosa Spiny-leaf Banksia
Conospermum ericifolium Smoke Bush
Conospermum longifolium ssp. angustifolium Long-leaf Coneseeds
Grevillea buxifolia ssp. sphacelata Grey Spider Flower
Grevillea mucronulata Green Spider Flower
Grevillea sericea Pink Spider Flower
Hakea dactyloides Broad-leaf Hakea
Hakea sericea Needle Bush
Isopogon anemonifolius Drumsticks
Lambertia formosa Honey Flower
Lomatia silaifolia Crinkle Bush
Persoonia hirsuta ssp. hirsuta Hairy Geebung
Persoonia laurina ssp. laurina Laurel Geebung
Persoonia levis Broad-leaf Geebung
Persoonia linearis Narrow-leaf Geebung
Petrophile pulchella Conesticks
Xylomelum pyriforme Woody Pear
Clematis glycinoides Old Man's Beard
Pomaderris intermedia (CG)
Pomaderris lanigera Woolly Pomaderris
Morinda jasminoides (CG) Morinda
Opercularia aspera Coarse Stinkweed
Opercularia varia Variable Stinkweed
Pomax umbellata Pomax
Correa reflexa Native Fuchsia
Eriostemon scaber ssp. scaber Wax Flower
Zieria pilosa Hairy Zieria
Exocarpos cupressiformis Native Cherry
Exocarpos strictus Dwarf Cherry
Leptomeria acida Native Currant
Omphacomeria acerba Leafless Sour-bush
Dodonaea triquetra Hop Bush
Veronica plebeia Trailing Speedwell
Stackhousia viminea Slender Stackhousia
Lasiopetalum ferrugineum var. ferrugineum Rusty Petals
Lasiopetalum rufum Red Rusty Petals
Stylidium graminifolium Grass Trigger Plant
Stylidium productum Trigger Plant
Pimelea linifolia Slender Rice Flower
Tetratheca neglecta Black-eyed Susan
Trema aspera Native Peach
Clerodendrum tomentosum Hairy Clerodendrum
Hybanthus monopetalus Lady's Slipper
4. FLOWERING PLANTS - MONOCOTYLEDONS
Caesia parviflora Pale Grass-lily
Laxmannia gracilis Wire Lily
Thysanotus tuberosus Fringed Lily
Tricoryne simplex Yellow Rush-lily
Blandfordia nobilis Christmas Bells
Burchardia umbellata Milkmaids
Baumea juncea Bare Twig Rush
Carex breviculmis (CG)
Carex inversa (CG) Knob Sedge
Caustis flexuosa Curly Sedge
Chorizandra cymbaria (CG) Bristle-rush
Cyperus laevis (CG)
Gahnia aspera (CG) Rough Saw-sedge
Gahnia sieberiana Red-fruited Saw-sedge
Lepidosperma concavum (CG)
Lepidosperma laterale sp. A (CG) Variable Sword-sedge
Lepidosperma laterale form A(CG)
Lepidosperma neesii (CG) Stiff Rapier-sedge
Schoenus melanostachys (CG) Black Bog-rush
Haemodorum planifolium Bloodroot
Hypoxis hygrometrica Golden Weather-grass
Patersonia glabrata Leafy Purple-flag
Patersonia sericea Purple Iris
Juncus continuus (CG)
Juncus kraussii Sea Rush
Juncus remotiflorus (CG)
Juncus usitatus (CG)
Lomandra confertifolia ssp. rubiginosa
Lomandra cylindrica Needle Mat-rush
Lomandra filiformis ssp. coriacea Wattle Mat-rush
Lomandra filiformis ssp. filiformis (CG) Wattle Mat-rush
Lomandra longifolia Spiny-headed Mat-rush
Lomandra multiflora Many-flowered Mat-rush
Lomandra obliqua Twisted Mat-rush
Eustrephus latifolius Wombat Berry
Acianthus fornicatus Pixie Caps
Caladenia catenata White Caladenia
Calochilus paludosus Red Beard Orchid
Calochilus robertsonii Purplish Beard Orchid
Corybas pruinosus Toothed Helmet Orchid
Cryptostylis erecta (CG) Bonnet Orchid
Dendrobium linguiforme Tongue Orchid
Dipodium punctatum Hyacinth Orchid
Diuris maculata Donkey Orchid
Erythrorchis cassythoides Climbing Orchid
Glossodia major Waxlip Orchid
Lyperanthus suaveolens Brown Beaks
Microtis rara (CG) Scented Onion Orchid
Pterostylis concinna Trim Greenhood
Pterostylis curta Blunt Greenhood
Pterostylis nutans Nodding Greenhood
Spiranthes sinensis Ladies Tresses
Dianella sp. Blue Flax Lily
Dianella caerulea var. producta(CG)
Dianella longifolia Blue Flax Lily
Dianella revoluta Blue Flax Lily
Thelionema caespitosum Tufted Blue Lily
Agrostis avenacea (CG) Blown Grass
Anisopogon avenaceus Oat Spear Grass
Aristida ramosa var. ramosa Purple Wiregrass
Aristida vagans Threeawn Speargrass
Aristida warburgii (CG) Speargrass
Austrodanthonia longifolia (CG) Longleaf Wallaby Grass
Austrodanthonia racemosa (CG) Wallaby Grass
Austrodanthonia tenuior Wallaby Grass
Austrostipa pubescens (CG) Tall Speargrass
Cymbopogon refractus Barbwire Grass
Deyeuxia quadriseta (CG) Bent Grass
Dichelachne micrantha Shorthair Plumegrass
Dichelachne parva (CG) Plumegrass
Digitaria parviflora (CG) Small-flowered Finger Grass
Digitaria ramularis (CG) Finger Grass
Echinopogon caepitosus var. caepitosus Hedgehog Grass
Echinopogon ovatus Forest Hedgehog Grass
Entolasia marginata (CG) Bordered Panic
Entolasia stricta var. hirsuta (CG) Wiry Panic
Entolasia stricta var. stricta (CG) Wiry Panic
Entolasia whiteana Panic
Eragrostis benthamii (CG) Lovegrass
Eragrostis brownii (CG) Brown's Lovegrass
Imperata cylindrica var.major (CG) Blady Grass
Microlaena stipoides Weeping Grass
Oplismenus aemulus (CG)
Oplismenus imbecillis (CG)
Panicum simile Two Colour Panic
Paspalidium distans (CG)
Phragmites australis Common Reed
Poa affinis Poa
Tetrarrhena juncea Wiry Ricegrass
Themeda australis Kangaroo Grass
Lepyrodia scariosa Scale-rush
Smilax australis Wait-a-while Vine
Smilax glyciphylla False Sarsaparilla
Xanthorrhoea arborea Grass Tree
Xanthorrhoea media Grass Tree
ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SPECIES
with description, location and flowering times
1. Acacia baileyana - Small tree, dense yellow flower balls, blue-grey
feather-like foliage. A non-local native species, introduced around play
areas and now naturalised. Flowering July - August.
291. Tetratheca neglecta - Small shrub with whorled leaves. Flowers 4-petalled,
pink with dark centres. On plateau near lookout. Flowering September - January,
but also recorded April - June.
2. Acacia brownii - Small shrub, bright yellow flower balls, straggling
branches, spiny "leaves" (phyllodes). On dry tops. Flowering
July - September.
3. Acacia hispidula - A small shrub with 2 cm long "leaves",
rough to touch, light yellow flower balls borne on single stalks. On rocks
above Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering : some flowers most of the year.
4. Acacia linifolia - Shrub up to 4 metres tall, cream flower balls, small
narrow "leaves". On wooded slopes. Flowers found December to
5. Acacia longifolia - Tall shrub, deep yellow flowers in densely packed
spikes, long, broad "leaves". Widespread. Flowering June - September.
6. Acacia myrtifolia - Low shrub, round yellow flowerheads, elliptic "leaves"
to 5 cm long. Widespread. Flowering July - September.
7. Acacia parramattensis - Small tree, pale yellow flower balls, dark
green feather-like foliage. Roadsides, east of playground and around oval.
Flowering December - January.
8. Acacia podalyriifolia - Small tree, bright yellow flowers, silver-grey
foliage. A non-local native species planted around picnic areas and spreading
into nearby bush. Flowering August.
9. Acacia suaveolens - Slender shrub, pale yellow flower heads, long (to
12 cm) flat "leaves". Widespread. Flowering April - November.
10. Acacia terminalis - Shrub to 2 m tall, yellow flower heads, bipinnate
leaves. On rocky exposed slopes. Flowering March - September.
11. Acacia ulicifolia - Small shrub to 2 m tall, creamy globular flower
heads, needle-like "leaves". Widespread. Flowering April - September.
12. Acianthus fornicatus - Tiny ground orchid, less than 20 cm tall with
4-6 reddish green flowers. Leaf is heart-shaped and basal and is commonly
seen on the ground even when there are no flowers. Very common on sheltered
slopes. Flowering May - July.
13. Actinotus helianthi - Conspicuous short-lived perennial, germinating
in large numbers after fire. Large white flower heads, soft to touch.
Widespread on dry plateau. Some flowers all year round, but peak flowering
14. Actinotus minor - Low sprawling plant, with many small white flower
heads. Common in sheltered spots and open forest. Flowering : some flowers
all year round.
15. Adianthum aethiopicum - Ground fern, sometimes forming extensive patches.
In a variety of sheltered situations.
16. Adianthum hispidulum - Ground fern with distinctive black stalks.
Sheltered and shaded areas.
17. Aegiceras corniculatum - Shrub or small tree, leaves rounded, white
flowers in umbels, fruit like a cylindrical horn. Grows along the saline
mudflats in association with Grey Mangrove but on the landward side of
that species. Flowers May - October.
18. Agrostis avenacea (CG) - Grass to 70 cm tall. Flower bracts with long
awn. Seen along track below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering September-January.
19. Allocasuarina littoralis - Erect tree, with pine-like leaves and 6-8
leaf-teeth in a whorl around stem joints. Male and female flowers different.
Female flowers form distinctive cylindrical woody cones. Flowering May
20. Amperea xiphoclada - Small almost leafless shrub, upright stems stiff
and angular, clumps of small flowers in the leaf nodes. Common on dry
plateau and slopes. Flowering : some flowers all year round.
21. Amyema congener ssp. congener - Spreading epiphytic shrub growing
on Allocasuarina. Flowers are green-yellow with pink stamens and are often
seen on the ground after birds have picked at them. Flowering June - November.
22. Angophora bakeri - Small tree, narrow opposite drooping leaves. Rocky
plateau above Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering December - January.
23. Angophora costata - Large beautiful tree, branches twisted, smooth
trunk changing colour from pink to greyish, bark shed in patches in November.
White flowers, ribbed fruit. Common throughout Park. Flowering late October
24. Angophora floribunda - Large spreading tree, twisted branches, fibrous
branches. Small white flowers, ribbed fruit. On richer slopes around Lime
Kiln Bay. Flowering October - December.
25. Angophora hispida - Small tree, rarely 3 m tall, broad opposite leaves,
young leaves covered with reddish hairs. Large clusters of creamy flowers,
ribbed fruit. Flowering October - December.
26. Angophora hybrid - a natural hybrid, this small tree occurs in a stand
on the plateau beside the cement path between the oval and the picnic
27. Anisopogon avenaceus - A grass, with stems up to 1m high and pendulous
inflorescence. Leaves are fine-pointed and hairless. On sandy soils in
forest. Flowering October - November.
28. Aristida ramosa var. ramosa - A grass. Seeds have 3 awns, which are
pointed and penetrate woollen socks. On sandy soils. Flowering December
29. Aristida vagans - A grass. Flower heads are more open and spreading
than A.ramosa. Flowering December - March.
30. Aristida warburgii (CG) - A grass. Compact to 1 m tall. Seeds with
3 awns, the middle of which is bent back. Noted on ridgetop south of oval.
Flowering December - February.
31. Asplenium australasicum (CG) - An epiphytic fern with long simple
fronds growing from a central base. Probably introduced in the Park. Young
plants in small gully below Douglas Haig Street entrance.
32. Asplenium flabellifolium - A small fern, in sheltered pockets of soil
or among rocks. Common in the Park, especially on slopes.
33. Astroloma humifusum - A low shrub, often forming mats; narrow pointed
leaves. Red tubular flowers up to 12mm long, somewhat hidden in the foliage.
On plateau. Flowering February - June.
34. Astroloma pinifolium - Low shrub with crowded pine-like leaves. Tubular
red flower, green-yellow at the tip. On plateau. Flowering May - September.
35. Austrodanthonia longifolia (CG) - An erect grass to 80 cm tall. Open
forest and rocky slopes. Common in Park among boulders on riverside slopes.
Flowering September - January.
36. Austrodanthosia racemosa (CG) - Grass to 60 cm tall. Grows in woodland
on sandy soils. Noted on small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance.
Flowering September - January.
37. Austrodanthonia tenuior - An erect tufted grass, with flowers in spikes.
Occurring in dry woodland on sandy soils. Flowering October-December.
38. Austrostipa pubescens (CG) - Perennial grass to 1.5 m tall. Seed with
reddish-brown hairs and a long bent awn. Widespread on ridgetop woodland.
Flowering September - October.
39. Avicennia marina var. australasica - Small tree of intertidal mud
flats, leaves opposite, flowers small and orange, fruit a compressed oval
capsule which floats. Tree usually surrounded by conspicuous aerial roots
in the mud. Common around Park margins, especially Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering
January - March.
40. Banksia ericifolia - Tall shrub, small crowded leaves, orange-red
flower spikes. Uncommon in Park. Flowering April - August.
41. Banksia integrifolia - Tree, leaves mostly entire, flower spikes lemon-yellow.
Common near baths and around shoreline. Flowering March - September.
42. Banksia oblongifolia - Small shrub, leaves toothed, under-leaves with
brown hairs, green-yellow flower spikes. Dry plateau west of oval. Flowering
March - June.
43. Banksia serrata - Small tree, stiff saw-tooth leaves, grey-green flower
spikes. Widespread and common. Flowering December - March.
44. Banksia spinulosa - Small shrub, small narrow upright leaves, golden-yellow
flower spikes with hooked styles. Plateau area but uncommon. Flowering
April - September.
45. Baumea juncea - A sedge forming clumps of erect greyish stems to 70
cm tall. In saline swampy conditions around Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering October
46. Billardiera scandens - Low twining plant, green-yellow bell flowers,
cylindrical fruit. Widespread. Flowering March - November.
47. Blandfordia nobilis - Well known bell-shaped flower, red with yellow
lobes. Rare in the Park probably because of indiscriminate picking. One
plant recorded flowering in November 1981 on the slope on the Oatley Bay
side of the oval. Also 1986, 1987,1996. Flowering November - January.
48. Blechum sp. - Ground fern. An old record. Possibly around Lime Kiln
49. Bossiaea ensata - Straggling low shrub, apparently leafless, flattened
stems, yellow pea flowers. Widespread on plateau. Flowering September
50. Bossiaea heterophylla - Low shrub, flattened stems, small alternate
leaves, yellow pea flowers with red keel. On headland track. Flowering
March - June.
51. Bossiaea scolopendria - Shrub to 1 m tall, flattened stems, leafless,
like B.ensata but larger in all its parts. Uncommon on plateau. Flowering
August - October.
52. Brachyloma daphnoides - Small erect shrub, lance-shaped flat leaves,
white bell-shaped flowers highly scented. Woodland. Flowering August -
53. Breynia oblongifolia - Shrub with spreading branches and distinct
rows of leaflets. Tiny flowers on short stalks. Fruit a round berry. Widespread
in shaded areas. Flowering October -December.
54. Brunoniella pumilio - Small perennial with mauve-blue tubular flowers.
Usually a plant of clay areas in western Sydney, it is unusual to find
it locally. Recorded from the Park in 1882. Observed flowering after fire
on the Lime Kiln Bay side of the picnic area on 28 January,1989.
55. Burchardia umbellata - Herb, long narrow leaves from base of stem,
flower stems to 30 cm tall, white flowers with six segments, in umbels.
Common in grassy sheltered areas. Flowering October - November.
56. Bursaria spinosa - Small to medium shrub, thorny branches, small white
5-petalled flowers. On dry plateau, e.g. near oval. Flowering January
57. Caesia parviflora - Small tufted herb, narrow leaves, white flowers
arranged along stem, finished flower twisted. Dry plateau and slopes.
Flowering October - December.
58. Caladenia catenata - small white ground orchid, single flower on a
20 cm stem, Widespread. Flowering May - September, with some flowers December-January.
59. Calandrinia sp. - Small succulent herb, leaves often pinkish. On rocks
near Lime Kiln Bay. Possibly C. pickeringii (CG) which has been recorded
several times around Picnic Point, Menai and Illawong (CG). Flowering
60. Callicoma serratifolia - Small tree, large serrated leaves, dull yellow
flower balls. Sheltered shaded areas. Flowering October - December.
61. Callistemon linearis (CG) - A spreading shrub to 2 m tall, with red
bottlebrush flowers. Leaves stiff, narrow, to 12 cm long and sharp tipped.
Rare in park; seen on edge of rocks above a small terrace above Douglas
Haig Street entrance. Flowering October - December.
62. Callistemon pinifolius (CG) - A spreading shrub to 2 m tall, with
greenish-yellow bottlebrush flowers. Leaves stiff, needle-like and sharp-tipped.
Rare in Park; seen in small drainage line on small terrace above Douglas
Haig Street entrance. Flowering September - November.
63. Calochilus paludosus - Ground orchid to 30 cm tall, 2 to 8 flowers,
green with distinctive dark red hairs like a beard. Uncommon. Flowering
September -November, sometimes as late as January.
64. Calochilus robertsonii - Ground orchid to 30 cm tall, 2 to 10 flowers,
green with lustrous purple hairs like a beard. Uncommon. Flowering September
65. Calochlaena dubia - Tall ground fern, present in shaded forest understorey
and in sheltered areas beneath cliff lines. Common.
66. Carex breviculmis (CG) - Tufted grass-like sedge. Flowers in spikes.
Open woodland in sandy soils. Noted on small terrace in moist ground above
Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering (probably) October - November.
67. Carex inversa (CG) - Small grass-like sedge. Flowers in small sessile
spikes. Open dry woodland. Noted in small gully below Douglas Haig Street
entrance. Flowering (probably) October - November.
68. Cassinia aculeata - Shrub to 2 m tall, small leaves slightly rough
or sticky. Flowers white to straw coloured, in dense heads. Dry open forests.
Flowering December - March.
69. Cassinia aureonitens - Erect shrub, flowers in bright yellow dense
terminal clusters. Open forest. Flowering October-December.
70. Cassytha pubescens - Parasitic leafless climber on shrubs and trees.
Flowers tiny. Fruit a greenish globular berry. Flowering October - December.
71. Casuarina glauca - Tree to 20 m tall, cylindrical pine-like leaves,
globular cones. On alluvial flats around salt water margins, especially
Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering May - August.
72. Caustis flexuosa - Sedge to 60 cm tall, with distinctive curly branchlets.
Widespread on sandy soils. Flowering September - November.
73. Ceratopetalum gummiferum - Small tree, serrated leaflets in threes,
white clusters of flowers followed by red sepals which persist through
Christmas and are often referred to as flowers. Sheltered slopes. Flowering
October - November.
74. Cheilanthes distans (CG) - Fern growing on rocks and riverside slopes
to west of Hills Peak. Fronds with hairs on upper surface. Uncommon in
75. Chielanthes sieberi - Fern growing in clumps on rocks. Fronds hairless
on both surfaces. Uncommon in Park.
76. Chorizandra cymbaria (CG) - A sedge with upright stems to 100 cm tall
and an oval flower head near the top of the stem. Prefers damp ground.
Noted in a small drainage sump on a terrace above Douglas Haig street
entrance. Flowering September - November.
77. Clematis glycinoides - Climber, compound leaves in 3, masses of white
flowers, followed by fruit with long silky appendages. Sheltered slopes.
Flowering August - October.
78. Clerodendrum tomentosum - Small hairy-leaved tree, flower white with
a long corolla tube with protruding stamens. Shaded positions beneath
cliff line. Flowering November.
79. Comesperma ericinum - Slender shrub, pink terminal flowers. On sheltered
slopes overlooking Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering August - April.
80. Comesperma sphaerocarpum - Low straggling plant, leafless, tiny blue
flower resembling two ears. Open woodland. Flowering December - January.
81. Commelina cyanea (CG) - A weak herb similar to the introduced and
troublesome Wandering Jew. Blue flowers. Noted in small gully below Douglas
Haig Street entrance. Flowering January - February.
82. Conospermum ericifolium - Erect shrub, narrow linear leaves, white
flower heads. Slope above baths. Flowering August - September.
83. Conospermum longifolium ssp. angustifolium - Erect shrub, long narrow
leaves, white flower heads. Near baths. Flowering July - October.
84. Correa reflexa - Erect shrub, opposite leaves, yellow- green bell-shaped
flowers. Sheltered spots and Hills Lookout. Flowering April - July.
85. Corybas pruinosus - A small hooded ground orchid, with a solitary
round to heart-shaped leaf and reddish-purple flower. Sheltered slopes.
86. Crassula sieberiana - An insignificant herb, with opposite succulent
leaves, often reddish in colour. Flowers tiny, in clusters. Grows on sheltered
sandstone rocks. Flowering October - November.
87. Cryptandra amara - A low shrub, with tiny leaves on rigid branches.
Abundant white flowers. Uncommon in Park. Recorded from beneath Angophoras
on Lime Kiln Bay slope. Flowering late May-June.
88. Cryptostylis erecta (CG) - A ground orchid to 40 cm tall with 2 to
10 flowers conspicuous because of their purple erect hood. Noted on small
terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering December - February.
89. Cyathea australis - A tree fern. Rare in the Park because of the lack
of suitable habitat. Sheltered gullies.
90. Cymbopogon refractus - A tufted tall grass with flower-heads resembling
barbed wire. Flowering February.
91. Cyperus laevis (CG) - Small grass-like sedge. Seen in sandy-floored
caves and ledges, eastern and southern riverside. Flowering unknown.
92. Dampiera stricta - A low plant, to 60 cm tall, with blue flowers bearing
conspicuous brown hairs on the back and on buds. Open forest on sandy
soils. Flowering October - November.
93. Davallia pyxidata - A fern with long creeping brown-tipped rhizomes.
Often grows in rock crevices. Uncommon in the Park.
94. Daviesia corymbosa - A medium shrub, with narrow lance-shaped leaves,
clearly veined. Yellow pea flowers with a red centre. Woodland on plateau
and slopes. Flowering August - September.
95. Dendrobium linguiforme - A rock orchid, with leaves 3-4 cm long and
tongue-shaped. Numerous small white flowers. On sheltered rock faces.
96. Desmodium gunnii (CG) - A variety of D.varians regarded by some botanists
as a species in its own right. A prostrate plant with 3-foliolate leaves
and small pink pea flowers. In sandy-floored caves below Hills Peak. Flowers
all year round.
97. Dianella caerulea var. producta - An erect plant with stems elongated,
leafless in the lower part, and long flat leaves united at the base; blue
flowers and blue-purple berry. Common. There is another form of Dianella
in the Park that does not produce a leafless stem. This is rare in the
Park but has been seen on a small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance
(CG). It is currently unnamed but is likely to be a new species when the
genus is revised. Flowering September-February.
98. Dianella longifolia - An erect plant with long flat leaves, pale blue
flowers and a blue berry. Woodland. Flowering September-December.
99. Dianella revoluta - An erect plant with long flat leaves, dark blue
flowers and a blue berry. Roadside and woodland. Flowering September-December.
100. Deyeuxia quadriseta (CG) - Grass to 1 m tall. Leaf blade channelled
and rough to touch. Flower spikes dense. Noted in moist sandy ground on
small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowers September -
101. Dichelachne micrantha - A tufted grass with a dense flower-head.
Forested areas in sandy soils. Flowering September-December.
102. Dichelachne parva/rara (CG) - A tufted grass which may be either
D.parva or D.rara. Seeds have a conspicuous twisted awn to 12 mm long.
Seen along track below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering December
103. Dichondra repens - An inconspicuous creeping plant with alternate
kidney-shaped leaves, Flowers very small, yellowish-white. Widespread.
104. Digitaria parviflora (CG) - Erect grass with flowers in slender spikes.
Common in sandy woodland. Noted by the sides of the road north of Websters
Lookout. Flowering December - January.
105. Digitaria ramularis (CG) - Erect grass flowers in slender spikes.
Widespread in sandy open forest and woodland. Noted on small terrace above
Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering December - January.
106. Dillwynia retorta - A medium shrub, usually about 1 m tall. Crowded
narrow leaves and yellow pea-flowers. Widespread on drier plateau. Flowering
July - December, but some flowers at other times.
107. Dipodium punctatum - An erect ground orchid with stems up to 60 cm
tall bearing pink spotted flowers. Occasional on sandy soils. Flowering
108. Diuris maculata - A yellow-flowered ground orchid with stems up to
30 cm tall. Flowers have brown markings. Plateau area. Flowering August-September.
109. Dodonaea triquetra - A common shrub, abundant after fires. Lance-shaped
leaves to 10 cm long, insignificant flowers and 3-winged fruit capsules.
Widespread. Flowers January-August.
110. Drosera auriculata - Small carnivorous herb, with sticky red-brown
hairs to trap insects. Flowers pink or white. Damp sandy sites. Flowering
111. Drosera peltata - Similar to D.auriculata but with hairy sepals.
Damp sandy areas. Flowering September - December.
112. Echinopogon caepitosus var. caepitosus - Tufted grass with cylindrical
flower spike. Common in open forest on sandy soils. Flowering November
113. Echinopogon ovatus - Tufted grass with ovoid flower spike. Scattered
on plateau on sandy soils. Flowering November - January.
114. Einadia hastata - A low plant of saline zone. Leaves opposite, broadly
spear-shaped, flowers in short clusters, fruit a red berry. Behind mangroves
in Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering December- February.
115. Elaeocarpus reticulatus - A small tree with lance-shaped, toothed
leaves. Masses of white fringed bell-shaped flowers followed by blue berries.
Common on sheltered slopes. Flowering November.
116. Entolasia marginata (CG) - Straggling and wiry grass to 80 cm tall.
Prefers damper sandy soils. Noted behind mangroves at north-east end of
Park. Flowering most of the year.
117. Entolasia stricta (CG) - A straggling wiry grass which grows in scrub
in sandy dry areas. Two varieties have been observed in the Park. Variety
stricta is common in sandstone woodland. Variety hirsuta has been seen
on a small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering most
of the year.
118. Entolasia whiteana - Tufted grass with wiry straggling stems. Open
woodland on damp sandy soils. Flowering most of the year.
119. Epacris longiflora - Shrub with small heart-shaped leaves and tubular
red flowers with white tips. At least one plant with cream flowers on
Jewfish Bay Track. Common on sheltered slopes. Some flowers all year round.
120. Epacris pulchella - A medium shrub with pointed heart-shaped leaves
and white (sometimes pinkish) flowers up the stem. Common and widespread.
121. Epaltes australis (CG) - Small herb less than 20 cm tall. Spoon-shaped
toothed leaves and yellow stalkless flower heads. Prefers wet areas. Noted
behind mangroves at north-east end of Park. Flowering September - February.
122. Eragrostis benthamii (CG) - Tufted grass to 60 cm tall. Grows in
open forest/ woodland on sandy soil. Seen along track below Douglas Haig
Street entrance and ridgetop woodland. Flowering December -January.
123. Eragrostis brownii (CG) - Tufted grass to 60 cm tall. Grows in woodland
on sandy soil. Seen along track below Douglas Haig Street entrance and
ridgetop woodland. Flowering December-January.
124. Eriostemon scaber ssp. scaber - Medium shrub, with narrow leaves
covered with oil glands. White 5-petalled flower. Sheltered slopes. Flowering
125. Erythrorchis cassythoides - A leafless climbing orchid (formerly
called Galeola). A saprophyte, lacking green pigment. Climbs tree trunks
to a height of 5 or 6 metres. Flowers pale yellow, in clusters. Occurrence
depends on fire frequencies. Observed in 1992 and 1993. Flowers October
126. Eucalyptus 'haemarac' - A tall smooth-barked gum, closely related
to Scribbly Gum, but appears to be a different species. Near top entrance
and beside oval. Flowering January-February.
127. Eucalyptus capitallata - A misshapen small tree with stringy bark.
One tree in clearing of parking area near main entrance. Flowering January.
128. Eucalyptus gummifera - A medium to large tree with characteristic
rough bark and urn-shaped fruit. Widespread. Flowering February-March.
129. Eucalyptus pilularis - A tall tree with a stocking of bark on lower
trunk and clean upper branches. On slopes. Flowering September-March.
130. Eucalyptus piperita - Tree up to 20m tall with spreading branches.
Bark fibrous on trunk and lower branches but smooth on upper branches.
Common in Park. Flowering November-January.
131. Eucalyptus punctata - A tree to 25m tall with mottled grey bark which
is shed in pieces to reveal pink or greyish new bark. Common in Park.
Flowering December - March.
132. Euchiton gymnocephalum (CG) - Formerly Gnaphalium. Herb to 30 cm
tall with a rosette of basal leaves and a few stem leaves. Small straw-coloured
flowerheads. Noted to the north-west of Oatley Park Avenue entrance. Flowering
133. Euchiton sphaericum (CG) - Formerly Gnaphalium. Annual herb to 50
cm tall. Heads a dense terminal cluster of straw-coloured flowers. Large
leafy bracts behind the flowerhead separate this species from E. gymnocephalum
which has only short bracts. Seen along track below Douglas Haig Street
entrance. Flowering throughout year.
134. Eustrephus latifolius - A hairless climber, with pink-white flowers
and a globular orange berry. Sheltered sites. flowering October-November.
135. Exocarpos cupressiformis - A small tree, a root parasite, bearing
tiny flowers on leafless branches. Fruit is red on a fleshy receptacle.
Widespread in Park. Flowering October - February.
136. Exocarpos strictus - Shrub, a root parasite, with tiny flowers. Fruit
a round drupe on a swollen receptacle. Scattered but not common. Flowering
137. Ficus rubiginosa - A small tree often growing on sheltered rocks
where it is dwarfed. Leaves rusty underneath. Fruit are an important food
source for birds. Fruits ripe February-July.
138. Gahnia aspera (CG) - Tufted sedge with flat sharp leaves. Small flowers
crowded along stems becoming red-brown nuts. Rare in the Park. Recorded
in sheltered position behind mangroves below Hills Peak. Flowering irregularly.
139. Gahnia sieberiana - A tall clumped sedge to 2m tall with dense brown
flower spikes borne well above the leaves. Sheltered areas along Lime
Kiln Bay. Flowering September-December.
140. Gleichenia dicarpa - A ground fern growing in masses in sheltered
moist sites. Mostly along lower road facing south.
141. Gleichenia rupestris - A small fern preferring damp sandstone cliff
faces. Uncommon in Park, but at least one plant on the rock face above
the lower road.
142. Glochidion ferdinandi var. ferdinandi - A medium to tall tree, with
glossy leaves in two rows along the stem. Fruit is distinctive, round
and flattened like a European cheese. Flowers October. Fruit is on tree
to January. Variety pubens, a felty-leaf form occurs occasionally along
the Georges River below Picnic Point. There are a few plants in Oatley
Park on the woodland slopes to the north-west of Oatley Park Avenue entrance
(CG). Apart from the softly hairy leaves, they are identical in appearance
to variety ferdinandi.
143. Glossodia major- A purplish ground orchid with a solitary hairy leaf.
On the plateau, near oval. Flowering September.
144. Glycine clandestina - A small twining plant with leaves in three
and mauve flowers. Widespread and common. Flowering most of the year.
145. Glycine microphylla - A small twining plant with leaves in three
and mauve flowers. Prefers semi-shade and shale soils. Flowering most
of the year.
146. Glycine tabacina (CG) - A scrambler/twiner with leaves in threes
and blue-mauve flowers. Seen along track below Douglas Haig Street entrance.
Flowering September - April.
147. Gompholobium glabratum - A small yellow pea flower with 4 to 7 leaflets.
Seldom more than 30cm tall. Rare in Park. Flowering August-September.
148. Gonocarpus teucrioides - A inconspicuous plant with sandpapery stems
and leaves. Common on sandy soils. Flowering September-December.
149. Goodenia bellidifolia - A small plant to 30 cm tall with toothed
basal leaves and yellow flowers on an erect flower stalk. Open forest,
usually on damper areas. Flowering chiefly November-February.
150. Goodenia hederacea - A small plant with trailing stems and rounded
leaves. Yellow flowers on slender stalks. Open forest, mainly on sheltered
slopes. Flowering October - April.
151. Grevillea buxifolia ssp. sphacelata - Erect shrub to 1 m tall, with
terminal clusters of grey flowers. Open forest and slopes. Flowering July
152. Grevillea mucronulata - Shrub to 1 m tall, with greenish flowers
which have a pink style. Common on slopes. Flowering April - October.
153. Grevillea sericea - Shrub to 1.5 m tall, with clusters of pink flowers.
Widespread and common in the Park. Flowering all year round.
154. Haemodorum planifolium - An erect perennial with tuffs of flat strap-like
leaves. Black flowers borne on the ends of 60cm stalks. Sandy woodland
on plateau. Flowering November - January.
155. Hakea dactyloides - Tall shrub to 3 m , flat leaves with prominent
veins, numerous small white flowers along stems. Widespread and common.
Flowering September - October.
156. Hakea sericea - Medium shrub with sharp needle-like leaves and abundant
white flowers. Woody fruit. Mainly plateau. Flowering June - August.
157. Hardenbergia violacea - A twiner with veined leaves and violet pea
flowers. Common scrambling over shrubs or up trees. Flowering July - October.
158. Hibbertia diffusa - A low shrub , with wedge-shaped or spoon-shaped
leaves. Flowers yellow. Open forest. Flowering September - December.
159. Hibbertia fasciculata - A small erect shrub with bundles of needle-shaped
leaves. Flowers yellow. Sandy open forest on plateau. Flowering August
160. Hibbertia monogyna /circumdans - Shrub to 50cm tall, with wedge-shaped
leaves. Flowers yellow. Open forest, e.g., Headland Track. Flowering May
161. Hibbertia nitida - An erect shrub with glossy green leaves and yellow
flowers. An uncommon species recorded in a shaded area along the Headland
Track, but possibly now locally extinct because of track clearing. Flowering
October - December.
162. Hibbertia scandens - A trailing plant with entire glossy leaves and
large yellow flowers. Uncommon in Park but found in shaded forest along
Headland Track. Flowering throughout the year.
163. Histiopteris incisa - A ground fern with upright hairless light green
foliage. Damp areas beneath sandstone cliffs.
164. Hovea linearis - Small erect shrub to 60cm tall, with mauve flowers
in leaf axils. A white-flowered form also occurs in the Park. Scattered
in dry woodland. Flowering July - August.
165. Hybanthus monopetalus - A slender plant with weak stems to 30cm tall.
Flowers mauve with one conspicuous larger petal. Widespread on slopes.
Flowering September - December, with some flowers at other times.
166. Hypericum gramineum (CG) - A small erect (to 30 cm) perennial with
opposite leaves and yellow 5-petalled flowers. Grassland and woodland.
Noted on small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering September
167. Hypoxis hygrometrica - A small herb with grass-like leaves and bright
yellow flowers like a six-pointed star. Scattered on plateau, but not
common. Flowering December.
168. Imperata cylindrica var. major (CG) - Grass with tough erect leaves
and cylindrical silky white flowerheads. Sandy areas which have been periodically
burnt. Occasionally found in Park in woodland and along roadsides. Flowering
November - February and after fire.
169. Isopogon anemonifolius - Erect shrub with stiff divided leaves. Yellow
flowers on terminal cone-like heads. Widespread on plateau. Flowering
April - November.
170. Juncus continuus (CG) - A clump-forming rush with flowers clustered
near the ends of the upright acute stems. Damp sandy soils. Seen along
track below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering January - February.
171. Juncus kraussii - A rush covering large areas of tidal salt marsh
and the edges of mangrove swamps. Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering November -
172. Juncus remotiflorus (CG) - Slender rush with a small rhizome. Flowers
small and scattered along the upper stems. Prefers temporarily wet sites.
Seen along track below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering time unknown.
173. Juncus usitatus (CG) - Rush to 1 m tall with pale flowers spread
along the upper part of the stems. Prefers damp soils. Seen along track
below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering September - January.
174. Kennedia rubicunda - A twiner over the ground or on bushes. Large
deep red pea flowers. Common . Flowering September - October.
175. Kunzea ambigua - A tall spreading shrub with small leaves. Flowers
white and abundant. Very common throughout the Park, especially along
roadsides. Flowering November - December.
176. Lagenifera gracilis - A small daisy with a rosette of leaves and
an erect flower stem to 30cm tall. Flower-heads solitary and mauve. Open
forest on sandy soils. Flowering December - January.
177. Lambertia formosa - Shrub with rigid pointed leaves, a prominent
red flower and a woody seed pod with horns like a mountain devil. Scattered
, mainly on lower slopes. Flowering October - May.
178. Lasiopetalum ferrugineum var. ferrugineum - A low shrub, with leaves
rusty-hairy below. Small clusters of flowers with rusty hairs on the outside.
Widespread. Flowering July - October.
179. Lasiopetalum rufum - Small shrub with narrow leaves, white-hairy
below. Flowers in drooping clusters. Widespread. Flowering September -
180. Laxmannia gracilis - Grass-like herb with wiry stems to 30cm tall.
Pink-white flowers clustered in terminal heads. Grassy areas and woodland.
Flowering December - January.
181. Lepidosperma concavum (CG) - A tufted sedge with flat stems and leaves
which are rough and sharp. Flower head erect and dense. Fairly common
in ridgetop woodland. Flowering time unknown.
182. Lepidosperma laterale - A sedge with flat leaves with sharp edges.
Flowers in brown spikelets. This is a very variable species and several
forms are recognised. Sp. 'A' occurs occasionally in the Park on ridgetop
woodland. Form 'A' was noted on a small terrace above Douglas Haig Street
entrance (CG). Flowering September - March.
183. Lepidosperma neesii (CG) - A sedge forming small clumps. Its terete
stems are up to 80 cm tall. Flowers spike-like at the end of the stems.
Rare in Park. Noted on small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance.
Flowering May - June.
184. Leptomeria acida - A large leafless shrub with minute yellowish flowers
in spikes and green soft rounded fruit which is edible. Common on plateau
and slopes. Flowering December - April.
185. Leptospermum polygalifolium - Medium shrub with hard bark. Flower
5-petalled and white. Fruit woody. Widespread. Flowering mainly November
186. Leptospermum trinervium - Medium to tall shrub with flaky bark. Flower
5-petalled and white. Fruit woody. Widespread. Flowering October - December.
187. Lepyrodia scariosa - A sedge-like plant with smooth erect unbranched
stems. Pale yellow flowers borne in a loose arrangement at the top of
the stems. Widespread. Flowering January - February.
188. Leucopogon amplexicaulis - A small undershrub with distinctive stem-clasping
leaves. Small white flowers, bearded inside, on spikes exceeding the leaves.
Sheltered positions, e.g., along Headland Track. Flowering August - September.
189. Leucopogon ericoides - Upright shrub with small sharp leaves. Numerous
small white flowers, bearded inside. On sandy soils of plateau. Flowering
July - September.
190. Leucopogon juniperinus - A low shrub with spreading pungent leaves.
A few white flowers in leaf axils. Lower dry slopes. Flowering July -
191. Lindsaea linearis - A small ground fern usually forming colonies
from a creeping rhizome. Open forest among ground cover.
192. Lindsaea microphylla - A small ground fern with delicate lacy fronds
growing from a short creeping rhizome. Forest with some shade from eucalypt
193. Lissanthe strigosa - Rigid shrub to 30 cm tall, with narrow pointed
leaves and thick clusters of white bell-shaped flowers. Sandy plateau.
Flowering July - August.
194. Lobelia alata - Small herb with angular trailing stems. Mauve to
pale blue fan-shaped flowers. Damp areas beneath Casuarinas along tidal
flats. Flowering December - February.
195. Lobelia dentata - Erect annual herb with weak stems and toothed leaves.
Flowers deep blue or mauve with 3 spreading petals. Sandy soil of plateau
and slopes; more common after fire. Flowering July - February.
196. Lobelia gracilis (CG) - Trailing plant up to 30 cm tall. Flowers
blue-mauve with 3 spreading petals broader than those of L.dentata. Open
forest on sandy soils. Ridgetop and slopes. Flowers November - May.
197. Lomandra confertifolia ssp. rubiginosa - Grass-like perennial with
narrow wiry leaves. Leaf bases with reddish or brown shreds. Flowers yellowish
in upright clusters. Sandy soils on plateau. Flowering October - November.
198. Lomandra cylindrica - Grass-like perennial with tuffs of cylindrical
leaves. Flowers small yellow bells on upright stems. Sheltered slopes.
Flowering September - October.
199. Lomandra filiformis - Grass-like perennial with tuffs of narrow inrolled
leaves. Flowers yellow on short upright stems. Widespread on dry ridgetop
woodland and slopes. Two subspecies have been recorded in the Park (CG).
Ssp. coriacea on ridgetop south of oval and ssp. filiformis which is common
on the plateau and slopes. Flowering October - November.
200. Lomandra gracilis - Grass-like perennial with tuffs of narrow leaves,
flat above and convex below. Flowers yellow on erect stems. Scattered
on sandy plateau. Flowering October - November.
201. Lomandra longifolia - Tufted plant with strap-like leaves to 80cm
long. Creamy flowers borne in large clusters on the end of flattened stems.
Widespread and common. Flowering June - October.
202. Lomandra multiflora - Grass-like perennial with firm strap-like leaves
and yellow flowers borne in distinctive clusters along an upright stem.
Common on dry plateau. Flowering August - October.
203. Lomandra obliqua - Small plant with short twisted leaves along the
stems. Flowers yellow, stalkless and in clusters. Widespread and common
in woodland. Flowering October - November.
204. Lomatia silaifolia - Erect stiff shrub with much divided, spreading
leaves. Creamy-white flowers borne above the leaves. Uncommon in Park.
205. Lyperanthus suaveolens - Ground orchid to 30cm tall. Narrow purplish
flowers with yellow labellum. Uncommon, on sheltered slopes. Flowering
August - September.
206. Macrozamia communis - Palm-like plant with fronds to one metre long.
Female plants produce a large cone within the centre of the plant. Sheltered
slopes above the baths.
207. Marsdenia suaveolens - Slender climber with opposite, lance-shaped
leaves. Flowers white in clusters from the leaf axils. Sheltered slopes,
e.g., Headland Track. Flowering October - February.
208. Melaleuca ericifolia - Erect small tree with small crowded leaves.
Creamy-white flowers in short spikes. Margins of mangrove zone in Lime
Kiln Bay. Flowering September - November.
209. Melaleuca thymifolia - Medium shrub with narrow leaves. Clusters
of mauve curled flowers on the older wood. Sheltered or damp woodland
areas. Flowering October - December.
210. Micrantheum ericoides - Small inconspicuous shrub, with leaves in
groups of 3. Tiny solitary flowers and round reddish fruit. Widespread
on sandy plateau. Flowering August - November.
211. Microlaena stipoides - Slender tufted grass. Flower spike long, narrow
and drooping. Widespread. Flowers most of the year.
212. Microtis rara - Small onion-like ground orchid. A solitary fleshy
leaf and tiny green flowers up the stem. Sheltered woodland. Flowering
October - November.
213. Mitrasacme polymorpha - Small perennial with opposite leaves. Flowers
white, 4-petalled and bell-shaped. Common on plateau, but preferring sheltered
sites. Flowering October - November.
214. Monotoca elliptica - Large shrub to small tree. Leaves with parallel
veins. Small white bell-shaped flowers borne in clusters longer than the
leaves. Widespread on slopes and plateau, especially common along margins
of Oatley Bay. Flowering June - September.
215. Monotoca scoparia - Erect shrub with narrow pointed leaves, paler
underneath. Tiny white bell-shaped flowers in clusters in the leaf axils.
Widespread on sandy soils. Flowering April - May.
216. Morinda jasminoides (CG) - A scrambling shrub over rocks and undergrowth.
Leaves opposite, with conspicuous raised bumps. Flowers tubular, white-yellow.
Fruit a compound orange-red berry. Seen in small gully below Douglas Haig
Street entrance. Flowering November - December.
217. Muellerina celastroides - A mistletoe with opposite leaves. Tubular
flowers are flesh-coloured with pink bases. Epiphytic on hosts other than
eucalypts and observed on Banksia serrata along Headland Track near baths.
Flowering December - February.
218. Myoporum acuminatum - Tall shrub with lance-shaped leaves. Flowers
white, tubular with purple dots. Fruit round and purplish. Slope above
Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering August - October.
219. Notelaea longifolia forma longifolia - Tall shrub with lance-shaped
leaves, softly hairy when young becoming hairless with age. Small yellow
flowers in short clusters from the leaf axils. Fruit a blue-black berry.
A few shrubs in woodland just west of oval. Flowering April - June.
220. Olearia microphylla - Medium shrub with many tiny leaves and abundant
small white daisy flowers. Common and widespread on slopes. Flowering
June - November.
221. Olearia viscidula - Medium shrub to 1.3 metres tall with leaves to
8 cm long, often sticky. White daisy flowers. Widespread. Flowering September
222. Omalanthus nutans (formerly O. populifolius) - Tall shrub with large
leaves, some of which turn red with age. Flowers very small on terminal
spikes about as long as the leaves. Fruit a bluish capsule. Sheltered
slopes at upper reaches of Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering August - December.
223. Omphacomeria acerba - Leafless shrub to 1 metre tall. Branchlets
erect. Male and female flowers on different plants, both very small. Fruit
a bitter fleshy green berry. Uncommon. Rocky areas of open forest. Flowering
August - November.
224. Opercularia aspera - A small herb with opposite lance-shaped leaves
and a characteristic unpleasant smell when crushed. Stems with sandpapery
hairs. Flowers small in dense globular heads. Common in sheltered areas,
e.g., Headlands Track. Flowering September - November.
225. Opercularia varia- Similar to the above but with smaller narrow leaves.
Stems hairless. On slopes west of oval. Flowering September - October.
226. Oplismenus aemulus (CG) - Weak creeping grass. Leaves lance-shaped
with wavy margins. Prefers shaded forests. Seen in small gully below Douglas
Haig Street entrance. Flowering most of the year.
227. Oplismenus imbecillis (CG) - Weak creeping grass. Leaves narrower
than O. aemulus and not wavy. Prefers shaded forests. Noted under ledges
of riverside slopes. Flowering most of the year.
228. Oxalis exilis (CG) - Low herb. Leaves in 3, flowers yellow. Widespread
in woodland. Noted on small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance.
Flowering October - May.
229. Oxalis perennans (CG) - Creeping herb. Leaves in 3, flowers yellow.
Widespread in woodland especially in disturbed sites. Noted along track
below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering March - December.
230. Oxalis thompsoniae (CG) - Low creeping herb. Yellow flowers. Previously
thought as an introduced species but now regarded as a native plant. Prefers
disturbed areas and the damp edges of grassland. Noted to north-west of
Oatley Park Avenue entrance. Flowers November - March.
231. Ozothamnus diosmifolius - Upright shrub with small narrow leaves
and a dense white flower head up to 7 cm across. Widespread on slopes
and in open forest. Flowering September - December.
232. Pandorea pandorana - A woody vine, often climbing up over trees.
Leaves compound with 5 -9 leaflets; juvenile leaves smaller, toothed and
9-17 leaflets. Flowers tubular, whitish with red spots. Common in sheltered
situations, e.g., below rocky slopes and cliff line. Flowering August
233. Panicum simile - Perennial tufted grass to 50 cm tall. Leaf blade
to 3mm wide. Flower stems in a panicle. Widespread in sandy soils of woodland.
Flowering December - January.
234. Parsonsia straminea - Climber with long stems which climb over bushes
and over ground. Leaves opposite. Stem and leaves with yellow sap. Juvenile
leaves small with deep purple underneath. Flowers yellow and bearded in
tube. Fruit a long pendulous follicle releasing seeds with long silky
hairs. Sheltered areas below sandstone cliff line. Flowering December
235. Paspalidium distans (CG) - Tufted grass to 70 cm tall. Widespread
in woodland on sandy soils. Noted in ridgetop woodland south of oval.
Flowering December - January.
236. Patersonia glabrata - Small plant with tufts of flattened leaves.
Violet 3-petalled flowers on slender stems. Outer bracts of flowers brown-silky
but not woolly. Scattered on sandy plateau. Flowering October - November.
237. Patersonia sericea - Small plant with tufts of flattened leaves.
Violet-mauve 3-petalled flowers on slender stems. Outer bracts of flowers
silky-woolly. Common on sandy plateau and slopes. Flowering July - October.
238. Pelargonium inodorum (CG) - Herb to 35 cm tall with softly hairy
stems. Leaves heart-shaped and lobed. Deep pink Geranium-like flowers.
Noted on small terrace above Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering December
239. Persicaria decipiens - Small sprawling plant with hairless stems
and leaves. Small pink flowers on slender pendulous spikes. Wet sites
on landward side of mangroves, Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering January - March.
240. Persoonia hirsuta ssp. hirsuta - Spreading medium shrub with hairy
stems, leaves and flowers. Leaves 6-12mm long with margins curled under.
Flowers few and yellow. Fruit distinctly hairy. At least one plant recorded
in 1988 on slope west of picnic area. May be locally extinct because of
excessive hazard reduction burning. Flowering October -November.
241. Persoonia laurina ssp. laurina - Small erect shrub with broad opposite
leaves. Flowers yellow and covered with dense rusty hairs. Scattered but
not common. Recorded from Headland Track near point. Flowering October
242. Persoonia levis - A tall shrub with flaky bark and broad light green
leaves. Flowers yellow. Fruit a green berry. Widespread and common. Flowering
October - December.
243. Persoonia linearis - Tall shrub with long flat narrow leaves. Flowers
yellow borne near the ends of the branchlets. Slopes and sheltered positions.
Flowering December - August.
244. Petrophile pulchella - An erect shrub to 3 metres tall. Leaves very
divided. Flowers terminal and yellow. Seeds in woody cones. Sandy soils
plateau and slopes. Flowering December - March.
245. Phragmites australis - Reed-like tall grass with stout stems to 3
metres tall. Flowers in dense heads above the leaves. Extensive stands
in upper reaches of Lime Kiln Bay and on mudflats behind mangroves. Flowering
January - April.
246. Phyllanthus hirtellus - Small insignificant shrub to 40 cm tall.
Minute creamy flowers from leaf axils. Common on dry plateau. Flowering
June - November.
247. Pimelea linifolia - Slender erect shrub to 1 metre tall. Leaves opposite
and narrow. Conspicuous white flower heads at the ends of the stems. A
very common component of the sandy plateau and slopes. Some flowers all
248. Pittosporum undulatum - Small tree with dark green leaves; clusters
of white perfumed flowers. Very common in sheltered spots. Flowering September
249. Platycerium bifurcatum - Large fern with forked fronds resembling
deer antlers. Grows on large sheltered rocks and tall trees. Rare in the
250. Platysace ericoides - Low shrub with rough-hairy stems. Leaves crowded
and narrow. Flowers white in compound heads. Open woodland between oval
and Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering December - April.
251. Platysace lanceolata - Understorey shrub with lance-shaped leaves
which have a carrot-like smell when crushed. Numerous white flowers in
terminal heads. Widespread. The most common flower in the Park in summer
months. Flowering December - February.
252. Platysace linearifolia - Small shrub with narrow linear leaves which
have a carrot-like smell when crushed. Numerous white flowers in terminal
heads. Common on sandy soils. Flowering December - April.
253. Poa affinis - Tufted grass to 1 metre tall. Leaf blades firm and
rigid. Woodland areas on sandy soils. Flowering September - January.
254. Podocarpus elatus - Medium tree with dark green leaves to 15cm long.
Male and female cones borne on separate trees. Fruit blue-black and fleshy.
At least one tree on sheltered slope south of pool.
255. Podocarpus spinulosus - Low ground cover. Leaves pungent-pointed
to 6cm long. Male cones small cylindrical and in clusters in the leaf
axils. Female cones occurring singly. Fruit blue-black and fleshy. Common
in sheltered areas along Headland Track.
256. Polymeria calycina - Trailing plant with roundish leaves, heart-shaped
at the base. Flowers pink. Grassland and roadside of Douglas Haig St.
Uncommon. Flowering October - December.
257. Polyscias sambucifolia - Tall shrub with compound leaves. Flowers
small, greenish and borne in branched terminal sprays. Fruit a bluish
compressed succulent capsule. Scattered on sheltered slopes, e.g., behind
baths and along Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering December - January.
258. Pomaderris intermedia (CG) - Shrub to 2 m, with woolly hairs on young
branches. Undersurface of leaves with white-grey hairs. Flowers yellow
in terminal clusters. Sheltered forest. Noted along Headland Track below
Websters Lookout. Flowering September - October.
259. Pomaderris lanigera - Shrub to 2 m, with rusty hairs covering stems
and lower leaves. Numerous small yellow flowers in showy terminal heads.
Sheltered forest, e.g., Headland Track. Flowering August - September.
260. Pomax umbellata - Low herb with minute reddish flowers in umbels
at ends of branches. Widespread on plateau. Flowering September - November.
261. Poranthera ericifolia - Low plant to 20cm tall, with small crowded
leaves and minute white flowers in terminal clusters. Woodland and sandy
plateau. Flowering October - November.
262. Poranthera microphylla - Small annual herb to 10cm tall, with soft
spreading branches and tiny spoon-shaped leaves. White flowers in showy
terminal clusters. Shady forest. Flowering September - December.
263. Pratia purpurascens - Small herb; leaves elliptic, toothed and purplish
on the underside. Flowers pale mauve-white, solitary on long stalks. Damp
and sheltered places. Flowering January - May.
264. Psilotum nudum - Small wiry plant, apparently leafless, with ribbed
and branched stems. Yellow spore-producing structures near end of stems.
In crevices of sandstone cliffs, e.g., below lookout.
265. Pteridium esculentum - An upright tough ground fern, with leathery
fronds, dark green above. Creeping rhizome which assists propagation after
fire. Scattered in the Park.
266. Pterostylis concinna - Small ground orchid. Flower green with brown
markings; labellum double-tipped and lateral sepals long and raised above
the flowers. At least one colony beside track from Douglas Haig Street
entrance. Flowering June - August.
267. Pterostylis curta - Small ground orchid. Flower green; labellum twisted
and lateral sepals short. Scattered but uncommon. Flowering June - August.
268. Pterostylis nutans - Small ground orchid. Flower green and distinctly
bent forward. Labellum linear and curved downwards; lateral sepals short.
Widespread in small colonies. Flowering June - September.
269. Pultenaea daphnoides - A shrub to 3 m tall with wedge-shaped leaves
to 2.5 cm long. Yellow pea flowers growing in heads. Sheltered sites,
such as lower track near baths. Flowering August - September.
270. Pultenaea linophylla - Small erect shrub to 80 cm tall; narrow leaves
notched at the apex. Yellow pea flowers in heads. Open woodland near oval.
Flowering August - September.
271. Pultenaea stipularis - Erect shrub to 2 m tall. Crowded narrow leaves
and dense yellow pea flowers in terminal heads. Sheltered slopes. Flowering
August - September.
272. Rapanea howittiana (CG) - Small tree, with large (to 10 cm) glossy
leaves and small flowers in clusters on the old wood. Sheltered sites.
Noted in small gully below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering August
273. Rapanea variablis - Small tree with leathery toothed leaves. Tiny
cream flowers in clusters along branches on old wood. Sheltered sites.
Flowering August - September.
274. Ricinocarpos pinifolius - Erect shrub with narrow leaves. Conspicuous
and abundant white flowers with yellow centres. Sandy soils beneath cliff
line. Flowering August - November.
275. Samolus repens - Small herb with creeping and upright stems. Flowers
are white with 5 petals and about 10 mm across. Common in saltmarsh and
mangrove margins of Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering October - January.
276. Sarcocornia quinqueflora - Succulent, leafless plant, with fleshy
jointed stems standing erect to 25 cm tall. Tiny flowers clustered around
the joints. Saltmarsh and mangrove margins of Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering
November - February.
277. Scaevola ramosissima - Straggling plant with branches covered with
stiff hairs. Purple flowers with 5 spreading petals like a fan. Common
on sandy plateau. Flowering October - March.
278. Schoenus melanostachys (CG) - A sedge with clumps of stems to 40
cm tall. Numerous loose spikelets of flowers on slender stalks. Prefers
damp places. Noted on moist sandy ground on small terrace above Douglas
Haig Street entrance. Flowering August - February.
279. Selaginella uliginosa (CG) - A fern ally with upright stems and tiny
bright green leaves which often turn bronze when in the sun. Prefers damp
deep sand. Noted in small gully below Douglas Haig Street entrance.
280. Senecio quadridentatus (CG) - Erect herb to 80 cm tall. Leaves narrow
to 12 cm long with lower surface cotton grey. Narrow flowerheads of daisy-like
flowers. Noted along track below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering
October - December.
281. Smilax australis - Climber with tough stems bearing prickles. Leathery
leaves with 5 prominent veins. White flowers in umbels and fruit a cluster
of black berries. Sheltered sites. Flowering September.
282. Smilax glyciphylla - Slender climbing plant, found creeping over
shrubs or over the ground and rocks. Leaves with 3 prominent veins. White
flowers in umbels and fruit a cluster of black berries. Young leaves have
a sweet "sarsaparilla" taste. Very common in sheltered sites.
Flowering December - February.
283. Spiranthes sinensis - Slender ground orchid with an upright stem
bearing small pink and white hooded flowers in a spiral up the stem. Uncommon
in the Park. Sheltered sandy areas on plateau and slopes. Flowering January
284. Stackhousia viminea - Slender erect plant with wiry stems bearing
few leaves and scattered green-yellow bell-shaped flowers. Open woodland.
Flowering November - December.
285. Stylidium graminifolium - Low herb with grass-like leaves at base
of plant. Pink flowers on an erect stem. Flowers with sensitive "trigger"
set off by visiting insects. Plateau woodland and drier slopes. Flowering
May - January.
286. Stylidium productum - Low herb with grass-like leaves scattered along
the stems. Pink flowers on erect stem. Flowers with sensitive "trigger"
set off by visiting insects. Shaded areas above baths. Flowering October
287. Styphelia laeta ssp. laeta - Low shrub with lance-shaped leaves.
Yellow-green tubular flowers. Sandy soils on lower slopes of Lime Kiln
Bay. Flowering March - April.
288. Styphelia tubiflora - Small spreading shrub with pointed leaves.
Conspicuous red tubular flowers. Plateau and slopes. Flowering May - August.
289. Tetraria capillaris - Clumped sedge to 60 cm tall. Rounded stems
with terminal spikelets. Sheltered sandy woodland and grassland.
290. Tetrarrhena juncea - Tufted grass with much-branched wiry stems.
Flower head narrow rice-like spikelets. Common on sandy heath. Flowering
most of the year.
292. Thelionema caespitosum - A tufted herb with grass-like leaves. Flowers
blue on stems longer than the leaves. Plateau area. Flowering October -
293. Themeda australis - A tufted grass. Flower stems bear 2 or 3 compound
clusters of spikelets. Seeds have a sharp-pointed barbed tip. Common ground
cover in forest and woodland. Flowering September - March.
294. Thysanotus tuberosus - Much branched erect herb, with distinctive purple
fringed three-petalled flowers. Open grassy areas of plateau. Flowering
December - April.
295. Trachymene incisa - Erect herb with dissected leaves and white compound
flowers on a stem to 60 cm tall. Sheltered slopes. Flowering November -
296. Trema aspera- Tall shrub with alternate, toothed, sandpapery leaves.
Tiny flowers in leaf axils. Fruit a small berry, green to black. West of
picnic ground and along closed road to lime Kiln Bay. Flowering December
297. Tricoryne simplex - Small herb to 20 cm tall, with grass-like leaves.
Yellow flowers with stamen tipped by distinctive tufts of hair. Woodland
on plateau. Flowering November - April.
298. Triglochin striata (CG) - Small inconspicuous grass-like plant with
narrow leaves to 30 cm long and tiny greenish flowers borne on a slender
erect spike. A plant of saline mudflats and saltmarsh. Noted on foreshore
below Douglas Haig Street entrance. Flowering November - December.
299. Veronica plebeia - Creeping herb with opposite toothed leaves and small
4-petalled mauve-blue flowers. Sheltered forest sites. Flowering September
300. Viminaria juncea - Tall erect shrub to 3 m, with green, rounded, apparently
leafless branches. Masses of yellow pea flowers are born along the ends
of the branches. Sheltered and damp situations, such as along margins of
Lime Kiln Bay. Flowering October - November.
301. Wahlenbergia communis/littoricola - A many-stemmed sprawling herb.
Blue bell-shaped flowers 10-15 mm across. W. communis and W. littoricola
are very similar and recent collections in the lower Georges River area
have been redetermined as W. littoricola. (CG). Headland Track and on rocks
above baths. Flowering October - December.
302. Wahlenbergia gracilis - A many-stemmed herb, with erect or sprawling
stems. Small blue bell-shaped flowers 5-6 mm across. Widespread on plateau
and slopes. Flowering November - May.
303. Woollsia pungens - A shrub to 1 m tall with small ovate sharp leaves.
White tubular flowers are borne in attractive clusters in the upper leaves.
A conspicuous plant in the bush as it flowers in autumn and winter. Scattered
in the Park, but common along Headland Track. Flowering February - September.
304. Xanthorrhoea arborea - A stout plant with a blackened trunk about 1.5
m tall topped by a skirt of long narrow flattish leaves. A thick flower
spike bears whitish flowers. Mainly along the Headland Track, but a few
on the plateau mixed with other grass trees. Flowering November - January,
especially after fires.
305. Xanthorrhoea media - The smaller and more common grass tree of the
Park. Trunk mostly underground or very small. Leaves triangular/quadrangular
in section. Spear-like flowering stem up to 2 m tall. Common on plateau.
Flowering September - March; prolific 7-8 months after fire.
306. Xanthosia pilosa - Small plant to 40 cm tall , wholly clothed with
long hairs. Toothed leaves. Insignificant cream-green flowers in leaf axils.
Widespread and common. Flowering all year round.
307. Xanthosia tridentata - Small diffuse plant to 20 cm tall. Stems usually
sprinkled with hairs. Wedge-shaped leaves with 3 teeth at the apex. Insignificant
cream-green flowers. Common on dry plateau. Flowering most of the year.
308. Xylomelum pyriforme - Small tree or tall shrub. Large leathery opposite
leaves. New growth rusty brown. Flowers in tightly crowded tan-coloured
spikes. Fruit a distinctive woody pear. Sheltered slopes along Oatley Bay.
Flowering November - December.
309. Zieria pilosa - Low shrub with leaves in 3. Small white flowers with
4 petals. On sheltered slopes. Flowering April - January.
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